During adolescence, but unfortunately also long after, acne and blemishes, which often result in spots and scars, are a common issue of many people. Pimples tend to break out at the worst possible moment making going out and being social not easy. While there are a lot of remedies and most of us focus on fighting existing zits, the key to win the battle for healthy skin is to prevent pimples from occurring and then remove any unwelcomed guests. How? Don’t pick the zits (we know it feels like a good idea whenever you see whiteheads, but it is not, and you know it too) and stick to the right regimen. Here you’ll find some tried and tested solutions to acne prone skin, which will help you to choose an appropriate spot treatment and get rid of them quickly and effectively, as well as a guide on what causes breakouts and clogged pores and other concerns. Continue to read to learn how to improve your skincare routine!

Best spot treatment

Whether it is a recurring issue or only from time to time visit, any blemish or breakout makes you feel less confident (especially before the big event), and you need to act right away. Here are some tips. First, you should remember about hygiene and good skincare. Wash your face twice a day and don’t leave your makeup (admit it to yourself: do you take your makeup off before going to bed every night?). Cleaning your face with appropriate gel wash that deeply cleanses your pores without irritating and drying your skin, and then toning your face with pore-closing mineral toner, should become your daily habit. Wash your face every morning to prepare your skin for skincare cosmetics, and every evening to get rid of accumulated dirt. Once or twice a week, depending on how sensitive your skin is, massage gently your skin with a peeling or a scrub which will exfoliate and remove dead skin cells, which consequently will help get rid of acne. Remember about applying pore unclogging mask that also stops overstimulation of sebaceous glands and absorb the dirt and excessive oil from your skin. Apt for products that help you also close open pores and keep them tight, for example a cleansing and pore closing toner which you can apply directly on your skin with a cotton pad. Once a toner is applied, you can move on to your favourite serum or cream.

Make sure to use products that don’t irritate your skin – if you observe any ailment after using any of washing cosmetics, replace it with something else. Also, you shouldn’t overdo the cleaning routine – using too harsh products, cleaning or exfoliating your skin too often may also lead to inflammation, and instead of controlling the sebum secretion, the excessive amount of washing gels and scrubs etc, may result in overproduction of it. Keeping sebaceous glands under control is important, but it won’t improve if you treat them with too many ways of cleaning, exfoliating and mattifying. Avoid using only exfoliating or pore penetrating cosmetic. Choose instead one product for each task, for example a peeling that will get rid of dead skin cells and a deep-cleansing mask to use every couple of days, and moisturising cream on a daily basis. Experiment a bit and see what works best for your skin, and if you are not sure, test it on small area first.

Remember about proper face care – use creams that specifically fit your skin type. If you suffer mainly from spots on chin and on forehead, you most likely have a combination skin, thus you should use oil-free, light cream on your T-zone, but a moisturising cream on your cheeks. On the other hand if you can find spots also on your cheeks, you probably have an oily skin, thus, you should opt for a double-duty (mattifying and moisturising) cream specifically targeted on sebum secretion reduction with some nourishing properties. Owners of dry skin must be a little more careful – use exfoliating enzymatic peelings and cleansers designed for dry skin, and soothe it with moisturisers for a day and night. If you notice any irritation and flaking, swap some of the harsher cosmetics for the ones dedicated to sensitive and problem skin. Going to dermatologist would also be advisable if you see no results despite using popular or science-based methods.

Breakout treatment or how to get rid of spots overnight

Unfortunately you won’t make pimples or blackheads disappear completely, and there is no magic cure. Nevertheless, you may reduce them, make them less inflamed or minimise your pores. For emergency treatment use concentrated cosmetics that you apply right on the surface where this problem occurs. Useful advice? Opt for a spot cream with some form of medication, such as benzoyl peroxide, hydrocortisone, or glycolic or salicylic acid which decrease the swelling around the pimple and diminish the size of a zit, and have an anti-inflammatory function. If you love DIY methods, try aspirin mask or toner which will additionally help you brighten the dark spots.

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Why does it happen to me?

Breaking out on your skin is usually caused by several reasons. One of the most common causes is picking your breakouts and pores, since it may inflame them and make their condition worse, as well as spread the bacteria. If you are a picker type, remember that picking zits require some experience and doing it unskilfully may lead to scarring. Instead of removing them, you’re making whiteheads turn red and heal longer. Thus, stop squeezing and scratching your skin or even better, try not to touch it at all.

Another reason is forgetting to clean your face properly. As you’ve already read in this article hygiene is the key to deal with spots, and you should wash your face twice a day, preferably with some gentle face cleanser. Also, if you wear your makeup daily, remember that neglecting to clean your face after the whole day, as well as leaving cosmetics on your skin may lead to contamination and clogging of your pores. Same thing refers to not cleaning your makeup accessories (admit it, when did you last clean your makeup brush?) – rinse them once a week with a special detergent or with water and soap. If your skin is especially prone to clogging, take a break from makeup, and let it breathe. Similarly, if you’re into fitness and exercise often, wash your face with warm water as soon as possible after every workout, since sweat is also one of the factors causing pimples to pop. Being active and getting your blood pumping obviously benefits your health, but post-workout hot shower is a must, no matter how tired and sore you are.

When it comes to things that are often in contact with your face, your smartphone and pillows may also transfer germs to your skin. We know, you’re probably addicted to your phone (so are we), so treat it right. Wipe its screen regularly with antibacterial wet tissue. Another thing is your pillow - change your pillowcases weekly (answer yourself, have you changed your pillowcases recently? There might be a huge acne causing bacteria colony).

The factors that are also easily underestimated are related to your lifestyle in general, like stress and sleep deprivation, which are connected with release of cortisol, called “stress hormone”, and its proper level in the organism – when you’re anxious or you get not enough sleep, the cortisol release is higher than it should be, which may eventually lead to appearance of pimples. Ask yourself then, do you get enough sleep? Do you manage to find some time to relax? Try to get at least 7-8 hours of sleep. Your body will thank you for that.

Another thing is your diet. If you’ve never considered looking at our daily menu, it’s high time you did. Food can also mess with your skin – eliminate for example milk, sugar (yes, chocolate is not helping), spicy or salty snacks, refined grain, drink less alcohol and most certainly forfeit junk food.

Hormones can still create some commotion in your body, especially in period-related time, because then they mess with your sebaceous glands which in turn start to overproduce sebum, and cause zits. Therefore, if you discover that acne appear on your jawline and chin it is probable that it is hormones’ fault. The best way to handle it is to consult with your dermatologist or GP to have your hormones examined and appropriate treatment prescribed.

We can all agree that fighting with acne is a very personal battle. To understand what causes your skin to break out, you really need to dedicate some time to observe it. Clear face is a dream of many of us, and this may eventually come true with some help from properly matched cosmetics and healthy habits. There are small, but significant changes that you can make in your life today that will pay off later if you make them your regular routine. Healthy skin without spots is at your fingertips.