During adolescence, but unfortunately also long after that horrifying period, acne and blemishes, which often result in spots and scars, are a common issue of many people. Here you’ll find some tried and tested solutions to this problem which will help you to choose an appropriate treatment and get rid of spots fast and efficiently, as well as a guide on what causes breakouts, clogged pores and other concerns, since knowing your enemy is often the key to solving the acne riddle.

Best spot treatment

So this happened again – you’ve noticed spots on your face. Whether it is a recurring issue or only from to time visit, blemishes and breakouts make you feel less confident, and you need to act right away.

First, you should remember about hygiene. Wash your face twice a day and don’t leave your makeup (even if you came back after a whole night party and the only thing you want to do is to sleep - in times like this, have wet makeup removal wipes at least!). Cleaning your face with appropriate gel wash that deeply cleanses your pores without irritating and dehydrating your skin, and then toning your face with pore-closing and nourishing tonic, should become your daily habit. Once or twice a week, depending on how sensitive your skin is, give yourself a little SPA and massage gently your skin with peeling or a scrub which will exfoliate and remove dead skin cells. Then apply pore unclogging mask that also stops overstimulation of sebaceous glands and absorb the dirt from your skin.

Make sure to use products that don’t dry out or irritate your skin – if you observe any ailment like redness or burning, dryness after using any of washing cosmetics, replace it with something else. The key here is to match cleaning routine to your needs. Also, keep in mind that under no circumstances should you overdo the cleaning routine – using too harsh products, cleaning or exfoliating your skin too often may also lead to inflammation and dehydration of your complexion, and moreover it may have an opposite effect than expected – instead of controlling the sebum secretion, overuse of washing gels and scrubs may result it overproduction of sebum. You certainly don’t want it to happen.

What is more, remember about proper face care – use creams that specifically fit your needs. If you suffer mainly from spots on chin and on forehead, you most likely have a combination skin, thus you should use oil-free, lightweight cream on your T-zone, but a moisturising cream on your cheeks. On the other hand if you can find spots also on your cheeks, you probably have an oily skin, thus, you should opt for a double-duty (mattifying and moisturising) cream specifically targeted on sebum secretion reduction with some nourishing properties.

Breakout treatment or how to get rid of spots overnight

First of all, removing pimples or blackheads in such a short time is hardly possible. You may, nevertheless, reduce it, make it less inflamed or minimise your enlarged pores and make your blemishes less visible. What makes every emergency treatment effective is using concentrated, spot-focused cosmetics that you apply right on the place where this little-big problem occurs. Products like these are usually targeted to combat breakouts with use of anti-acne components. The best spot cream, hence, is the one with ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, hydrocortisone, or salicylic or glycolic acid which decrease the swelling around the pimple and ease the inflammation, as well as diminishes the size of a zit.

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Why does it happen to me?

Alright, so we’ve discussed the basics of what to do when our archenemy, otherwise known as acne, attacks, but there are far more important things to follow in terms of prevention. Skin conditions related to acne like blackheads or pimples usually happen for several reasons. One of the most common causes is… picking your breakouts and pores, since it may inflame them and worsen their condition, as well as spread the germs and bacteria. Unskilful picking of pimples may also lead to creation of scars since people tend to do it rather indelicately. What’s the solution? Stop squeezing and scratching your skin or even better, try not to touch it at all, especially with dirty hands. Sounds problematic, but do you really need to rest your chin or cheeks on your palm? That’s what we thought.

Another reason may be more obvious, which is forgetting to clean your face properly. Also, if you do your makeup daily, you may sometimes let yourself not to do your makeup removal, right? We know, sometimes you come back home so late, that it seems like you could fall asleep in your bathroom, but remember that neglecting to clean your face after the whole day in the city, as well as leaving your cosmetics on your skin may lead to contamination and clogging your pores. Same thing refers to not cleaning your makeup sponges, brushes and other beauty tools – remember to rinse them once in a while (preferably weekly) with a special detergent or simply with water and soap to get rid of bacteria.

When it comes to things that are often in contact with your face, your smartphone and pillows may also transfer germs to your skin. Wipe your phone with antibacterial wet tissue and change your pillowcases weekly.

The factors that are easily underestimated in any health issues are also stress and sleep deprivation, which are strongly connected with release of cortisol, alias “stress hormone”, and its proper level in the organism – when you’re anxious and worried or you get not enough sleep, the cortisol release is higher than it should be, which may eventually lead to appearance of pimples. Try to get at least 7-8 hours of sleep and remember about taking your time off to relax every now and then. Your whole body will thank you for that.

Still, if your adolescent years are far behind you, hormones can cause some commotion in your body, especially in period-related time, because then hormones mess with your sebaceous glands which in turn start to overproduce sebum, and thus cause zits. Therefore, if you suffer from acne that appears on your jawline and chin, it is probable that it is hormones’ fault. The best way to handle it is to consult with your gynaecologist or GP to have your hormones examined and appropriate treatment prescribed.